ATRIUM Architecture of Totalitarian Regimes of the XX° Century in Urban Management (

From wounds of an inconvenient & terrible past, the architectural traces of totalitarian regimes of XX° Century could become an important source of local development, if they were managed & valorized through a trans-national cultural route (in compliance with requisites set out by the Council of Europe with the Resolution n° 12/07) corroborated by tourism cultural products..


To this direction, ATRIUM project is being implemented since early 2011 within the framework of SOUTH EAST EUROPE Transnational Cooperation Programme, Priority Axis 4: Development of transnational synergies for sustainable growth areas, Area of Intervention 4.3: Promote the use of cultural values for development.

ATRIUM has been designed to create a new cultural route, new services, and hence new jobs, (hosting, guiding, monuments, restoration etc.), especially for young people and women.

ATRIUM pursues the following specific objectives:

(I) identification of case-studies in the areas concerned (analysis of urban maps, urban & architectural works), and hence of their underlying concept of city and power as well as meanings in term of relationships between citizens & totalitarian institutions;
(II) selection of buildings & places of particular signification under past regimes, which could have (or currently have) a new aesthetical, functional & social task in contemporary democratic city; 
(III) preparation of a trans-national Manual (also for training purposes) of wise management, preservation re-use & economic valorisation of this "inconvenient" heritage;
(IV) identification, collection & digital cataloguing of photograph archives, films, oral witnesses, furniture, etc. of the epochs concerned; 
(V) design of a cultural route on this heritage, in compliance with requisites set out by the Council of Europe; 
(VI) promotion of forms of cultural tourism for economic valorisation of heritage concerned (and training of necessary operators), capable of attracting segments of international, especially European, growing cultural tourism demand, & hence to create new services & jobs.

The partnership of the Project involves a balanced mix of 18 bodies (local authorities, universities, cultural & development entities etc.), distributed in 11 countries: Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Slovakia, Slovenia, Serbia and Romania.

Lead Partner 

Municipality of Forli, Italy


University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture 
Municipality of Velenje 

National Institute of Immovable Cultural Heritage
Municipality of Plovdiv 

Szechenyi Istvan University
Local Government of Gyor City with County Rank

Institute of Construction and Architecture of the Slovak Academy of Sciences 

Metropolinate of Moldavia and Bucovina - Archidiocese of Iasi

Institute for Innovation & Sustainable Development AEIPLOUS 
Cultural & Educational Technology Institute ATHENA 


Town of Labin 

Fund of microregional tourism cluster Subotica-Palic 

Tirana Municipality 

Bosnia and Herzegovina
ROTOR Organization for development of tourism of region Doboj


Municipality of Rasa, Croatia

Associated strategic partners 

Ministry of Culture, Bulgaria 
ANSO - On-line Publishers Italian Association, Italy

ATRIUM project's brochure

Official video